Motivations of BS Hospitality Management Students at Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College, Philippines


  • Cherie B. Orpia Graduate School and College of Business, Management and Entrepreneurship, Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College, Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur, Philippines
  • Ivy Cacabelos College of Business, Management and Entrepreneurship, Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College, Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur, Philippines



motivation, work, personal, attractiveness, gender


As the tourism and hospitality industries adapt to evolving local and global demand patterns around the world, employment at all skill levels is anticipated to rise, thus increased the demand for educated professionals. However, the COVID-19 pandemic had the impacted educational institutions and the tourism industry. Therefore, designing a curriculum involves a more profound knowledge of why students enroll in a course as they fill the positions assigned by the industry. Thus, the study sought to determine the perceptions of BS Hospitality Management students to provide significant inputs to the development of programs for the students in relation to their career opportunities. The study ascertained the relationship between the 159 respondents' profiles and their motivational elements using a descriptive approach. The survey's key findings indicated that the BSHM students at ISPSC were highly motivated to pursue their degree because they perceived the field attractive for employment; and the prospects for personal and work-related opportunities, though faced with uncertainties during the pandemic. The study discovered a correlation between gender and employment opportunities. It highlighted how gender differed in their motivation to pursue the course in terms of job opportunities. The study recommends that the institution should develop a college action plan for students’ making the transition from secondary to college to guide them in selecting the right courses. It should also develop the career manegemnt skills necessary for long term career success to prepare the students’ in addressing their career perceptions and uncertainties about their future profession in the tourism industry.


Aggett, M., & Busby, G. (2011). Opting out of internships: Perceptions of hospitality, tourism, and event management undergraduates at a British university. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 10(1), 106-113. doi:10.3794/johlste.101.310 Asian Institute of Tourism.

Bamford, J. K. (2008). Improving international students' experience of studying in the U.K. Retrieved from:

Bloome, R., Van Rheede, A., & Tromp, D. (2009). The hospitality industry: An attractive employer? An exploration of students and industry workers' perceptions of hospitality as a career field. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 21(2), 6-14.

Chen, W. W. (2009). Hospitality and Tourism Management education: An analysis of Chinese undergraduate students' motives and institution choice criteria. Retrieved from

Davidson, M., Ying, W., & King, B. (2008). Critical issues in the Australian Chinese students market. Retrieved from Students_ Market.

Do, H.M., Do QTN (2014). Higher and Tertiary Education in Vietnam. Higher Education in Vietnam. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 29–53.

Factors that Influence Career Choice of Hospitality Students in Moi ....

Importance of mathematics in hospitality management.

Kim, B., McCleary, K. W., & Kaufman, T. (2010). The new generation in the industry: Hospitality/tourism students' career preferences, sources of influence, and career choice factors. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 22(3), 5–11.

Kim, S.S., Lee, M.J. & Cohen, K. (2008). Study motivations and study preferences in the Korean hospitality and tourism field. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 18(2): 216-239.

Kozar, J. M., Horton, B. W., & Gregoire, M. B. (2005). Is gaining work experience while going to school helping or hindering hospitality management students? Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 4(1), 1–10. doi:10.1300/J171v04n01_01

Lee, M. J., Olds, D. A., & Lee, C. (2013). Why students choose a hospitality and tourism program: A pilot study of U.S. undergraduate students. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Education, 22(3), 20-26.

Manachi, D., Kazembe, C., & Charity, M. (2014). A comparative study of students' motives in the selection of tourism and hospitality management program: Insights from the Chinhoyi University of Technology and the University of Botswana. International Journal of Innovative Research & Studies, 3(1), 624-640

Millar, M., Mao, Z., & Moreo, P. (2011). Hospitality & tourism educators vs. the industry: A competency assessment. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 22(2), 38–50.

Mohammad, B. A. A. & Alsaleh, H. T. (2013). Motivations of students to study hospitality program. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 3(7), 1637-1647.

Niu, S.X., &Tienda, M. (2008). Choosing College: Identifying and modeling choice sets. Social Science Research, 37, 416-433.

O'Mahony, G. B., McWilliams, A. M., & Whitelaw, P. A. (2001). Why students choose a hospitality degree program. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 42(1), 92-96

Rahayu, Siti (2016) Motivation Of Students In Hospitality And Tourism Management Programs. In: 13th International Annual Symposium on Management, 18-20 March 2016, Ho Chi Min City, Vietnam.

Reddy, K. M. (2014). Student interests and choices towards tourism as a career. Indian Journal of Research, 3(1), 65–67.

Richardson, S. (2010b). Tourism and hospitality students' perceptions of a career in the industry: A comparison of domestic (Australian) students and international students studying in 40 Australia. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, pp. 17, 1–11. doi:10.1375/jhym.17.1.1

Statista. (2016). Global travel and tourism industry - Statistics & Facts. In Statista, Tourism Worldwide (p. 77).

Steinmayr R, Weidinger AF, Schwinger M and Spinath B (2019). The Importance of Students' Motivation for academic achievement – Replicating and Extending Previous Findings. Front. Psychol.10:1730.doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01730

Taddele, M., & Gualu, T. (2021). Patient safety culture and associated factors among health care professionals at public hospitals in Dessie town, northeast Ethiopia, 2019. PLoS One, 16(2), e0245966.

Yilmaz, E., Sahin, M.; & Turgut, M. (2017). Variables Affecting Student Motivation Based on Academic Publications. Journal of Education and Practice. Vol.8, No. 12 p. 112-130.




How to Cite

Orpia, C. B., & Cacabelos, I. . (2023). Motivations of BS Hospitality Management Students at Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College, Philippines. Journal of Management and Administration Provision , 3(1), 22-32.